Sleep disorders are abnormalities that influence the quality of sleep, which in turn negatively impacts the performance of a person. 

Some mental health issues lead to sleep disorders, but these disorders can also give rise to many medical problems like heart defects.

For sleep disorders, medications from specialty compounding pharmacy are one of the treatment options. You should check it out.

5 Common Sleep Disorders

You possibly have a sleep disorder(s)  if you;

  • Have trouble getting to sleep. 
  • Find it difficult to maintain your sleep.
  • Sleep too much during the day, such that you struggle to be awake.
  • Have occurrences of behaviors that disrupt your sleep.

If this is true, consult your healthcare professional for immediate help.

  1. Insomnia

Insomnia is a state of complete or partial sleeplessness where one is unable to fall or stay asleep. Before insomnia is diagnosed, it must meet certain criteria just like in their types.

Chronic insomnia is when insomnia persists for at least thrice a week within 3 months or more. The frequency of short-term insomnia is reduced and it occurs in less than 3 months.

During the day, sleepiness, fatigue, decreased motivation, impaired memory, and poor performance are associated with a person suffering from insomnia.

  1. Parasomnia

This is a sleep disorder where there are unusual behaviors before, during, and momentary times after sleep. 

These are the 2 forms of parasomnia; Rapid eye movement (REM) where one’s eyes move rapidly during sleep and non-rapid eye movement. 

Sleepwalking, nightmares, and sexual abnormal behaviors during sleep are some of the signs of parasomnia. Medications, such as antidepressants are used for treatment.

  1. Sleep Apnea

A person is said to have sleep apnea if he experiences cessation in breathing during sleep. 

This is a very dangerous sleep disorder in which there will be a low amount of oxygen going into the body. And this can cause other health problems, including death.

Obstructive and central sleep apnea are the types. Under obstructive sleep apnea, the airways are constricted or blocked and symptoms like snoring can result. The central one is caused by the connection problems between the brain and the muscle in control of breathing. 

  1. Narcolepsy

It is often called “sleep attack disorder” because there is a sudden attack of deep sleep, which sometimes can be irresistible. This usually occurs during physical activities, like walking.

Narcolepsy is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, loss of muscle tone, sleep paralysis, and hallucinations. 

Medications and some lifestyle modifications help to treat this sleep disorder.

  1. Restless Legs Syndrome

Restless Legs Syndrome is a neurological sleep disorder caused by uncontrollable movement of the body to stop the tingling sensation around the legs. 

The urge to move the body disrupts the quality of sleep and normal sleep patterns. Parkinson’s disease, kidney problems, and multiple sclerosis are some of the causes of this disorder.

Behavioral interventions create significant impacts in managing restless legs syndrome.

General Symptoms Of These Sleep Disorders

  • Increased accidents
  • Foggy memory
  • Sluggish response
  • Poor attention
  • Poor performance

By Manali

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