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An ostomy is a surgical treatment that requires making an opening in the abdomen, which alters how waste leaves the body. This treatment is used to treat various digestive and urinary system problems.
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The procedure will either remove your bladder (urostomy), small intestine (ileostomy), or large intestine (colostomy), depending on your needs, if a portion of those organs has been severely injured by your medical condition to heal on its own.
A stoma is an opening outside your abdomen for waste items to escape your body. It is made during surgical operations by surgeons. Most of the time, having an ostomy will enhance patients’ general health and allow them to resume living a full life.
Here is a detailed description of the types of Ostomy Surgeries:
- Colostomy: This surgery makes a hole into the large intestine through the patient’s abdomen. This enables fecal waste to pass through a damaged or unhealthy section of the colon.
- Ileostomy: Here, the patient’s abdomen is used to create the entrance into your small intestine. When parts of your colon (large intestine) or small intestine have been removed, the patient will require an ileostomy. Ileostomies allow feces to discharge through a skin incision.
- Urostomy: This technique avoids using your bladder by connecting tubes that transport pee to the stoma. This kind of surgery can help those whose bladders are injured.
Ostomies can be either temporary or permanent, depending on your particular medical demands. For instance, if you recently had colorectal surgery, your doctor might create a temporary ileostomy to give your colon time to recover. You will need a permanent ileostomy if your entire colon, anus, or rectum has been removed.
Causes Of Ostos
Ostomies are frequently required for a variety of reasons, including:
- Bladder, colon, or rectal cancer
- Bowel inflammation conditions, including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis
- Conditions that run in families, such as familial adenomatous polyposis, which is known to be colorectal cancer passed down through families.
- Birth defects
- Abdomen-related stab wounds and other injuries
- Congenital diseases such as spina bifida
- Blockage of the ureter
Advantages of Ostomy Surgery
Ostomy surgery can often save a person’s life. In other instances, the surgery helps people considerably enhance their quality of life while treating various gastrointestinal and urinary illnesses.
Danger Attached To Ostomy Surgery
Stomas are a generally routine and safe procedure. However, there are some potential side effects. These effects might be moderate or severe, including Diarrhea, Skin Irritation, Dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, infections, vitamin B12 deficiency, short bowel syndrome, rectal discharge, necrosis, and Parastomal hernia.
Ostomy surgery recuperation generally takes eight weeks. You should still get up and move around as much as possible, even though you should limit your activities and make them easy. Maintaining your mobility will promote faster bowel movements, help you recuperate, and prevent infections.
Those who have undergone ostomy surgery will wear a pouch or bag. They have to learn how to put on, take off, and replace the pouch. Most ostomy bags and pouching devices are sold in sets of one or two. The bag also includes a barrier to safeguard your stoma and a temporary plastic pouch.